Botanical: Coriandrum sativum
Family: Umbelliferae (carrot) - Apiaceae (parsley)
Other common names: Cilantro, Chinese Parsley, Koriandrum
Since the days of the Pharaohs in ancient Egypt, Coriander Seed has been a reliable tonic that helps to improve digestion and appetite, as well as relieve gas and colic. More than just a condiment and spice, Coriander also appears to be an effective anti-inflammatory that may safely ease the pain of arthritis.
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Coriander is a native of the Mediterranean regions of southern Europe, southwestern Asia and northern Africa, that now grows in Europe and North and South America. Coriander is a small, annual plant that reaches only two feet in height and grows as a weed on both cultivated and waste ground. All Coriander parts have an extremely pungent and disagreeable scent, but upon drying, Coriander Seeds lose their odor and become more and more fragrant the longer they are dried. The ripe seeds have a sweet, spicy flavor. One of the world's oldest known herbs, Coriander has been an important medicinal herb that supports good digestion for over three thousand years and was mentioned in Sanskrit texts, ancient Egyptian papyri, The Bible (where it was compared to manna) and in the writings of the Greek physician, Hippocrates. The first-century Roman scholar, Pliny, claimed that the best Coriander came from Egypt, where, no doubt, the Israelites gained their knowledge of its properties. The botanical name, Coriandrum, is derived from the Greek, koriannon, a type of bedbug that is thought to smell like Coriander leaves. The Romans brought the plant to northern Europe, using it in herbal medicine and to preserve meats, and the Chinese believed that Coriander conferred immortality. In the Middle Ages, Coriander was included in love potions as a potent aphrodisiac and was mentioned in virtually all medieval herbals. One Peruvian tribe is so fond of Coriander that they actually exude its unpleasant scent. Some of Coriander's constituents include essential oil (its active ingredient), beta-sitosterol, alpha- and beta-pinene, malic acid, aspartic acid, oleic acid, borneol, linalool, linoleic acid, cineol, camphor, thymol, pectin, p-coumaric acid, phenylalanine, trypotophan, lysine, tyrosine, campesterol, phytosterol, tannin, bioflavonoids (quercetin, rutin, quercetin-glycoside), copper, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, choline, zinc, chromium, potassium, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, vitamin B-3 and fatty matter.
Coriander's main reputation lies with its ability to support the digestive system. It is a fine stomach tonic and digestive aid that stimulates the secretion of gastric juices thereby helping to promote good digestion. Coriander is said to soothe the stomach of both adults and colicky babies and generally reduce irritation in the gastrointestinal tract, including heartburn, nausea and stomach pain. It also helps to improve the appetite and is often used as an aperitif.
Coriander Seed is considered a carminative that will help prevent gas from forming in the intestines and will also help expel wind from the bowels. In addition, Coriander is believed to allay intestinal "griping" (pain and grumbling in the bowels) often associated with other laxatives and also relieve intestinal gas pains.
As an antispasmodic, Coriander is thought to help relieve diarrhea and ease abdominal cramps.
Coriander contains substances that are antibacterial and antifungal, helping to prevent infections from developing in wounds. Topically externally, the essential oil in Coriander has been used as a topical anti-inflammatory to ease the pain of rheumatic joints, sore muscles, neuralgia and sciatica, which appear to attest to its anti-inflammatory reputation.
Coriander Herbal Supplement may increase your chance of miscarriage if you are pregnant, or it may cause problems getting pregnant. Before using Coriander, tell your doctor if you are are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine, or if you are breast feeding or have stomach problems.