Cucumber Fruit
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Botanical:   Cucumis sativus
Family:  Cucurbitaceae (gourd/pumpkin)
Other common names:   Cowcumber, Cuke

Nourishing and cooling Cucumber is rich in minerals and helps to stimulate the kidneys to flush out both waste and fatty deposits from the body.   For smoother skin, try Cucumber.  It helps to hydrate the skin, smooth wrinkles, clear blemishes and promote a radiant, youthful glow!

The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Cucumber is an ancient plant that is native to India, where seeds almost twelve thousand years old have been discovered, and evidence indicates that it has been cultivated in western Asia for at least three thousand years.  The Cucumber is a trailing, annual climber, growing to about six feet, that had moved from southwestern Asia at least three thousand years ago and was one of the foods fed to Hebrews while they were enslaved in Egypt.  It was so well liked that when Moses led his people to the Promised Land, they complained that they no longer had “...cucumbers and melons, which we did eat in Egypt freely of.”  Cucumber cultivation spread to Greece and Italy, where the Romans were especially fond of the crop, and the Emperor Tiberius had it on his table daily, summer and winter. The Italian fruit at that time was small, probably the same size as the gherkin, and it appeared to remain that size when it figured in the “Herbals” of the sixteenth century.  Roman soldiers probably introduced the Cucumber into other parts of Europe, and records of its cultivation appear in France in the ninth century and in England during the reign of Edward III (1327).  In seventeenth-century England, the esteemed herbalist, Nicholas Culpeper, wrote of the medical benefits in The English Physi[t]ian Enlarged of 1653, when he commented, “there is not a better remedy for ulcers in the bladder” and “the face being washed with their juice, cleanses the skin.”  Cucumber was introduced into the New World by the Spaniards, and by the mid-sixteenth century, it was widely cultivated by both Native Americans and settlers alike.  The fruit fell out of favor for quite some time, and even when fresh fruits again became popular, the Cucumber had difficulty shedding its bad reputation and was called "fit only for consumption by cows," which is the origin of its common name, "Cowcumber."  There are several varieties of Cucumber, depending upon the environment in which it grows (English Cucumbers can grow as long as two feet), but it is commonly elongated, cylindrical and dark-green with slightly bumpy-skin.  Its ends are rounded and inside there is crisp, white flesh surrounding the seeded core.  It is grown as a crop in light, rich, well-drained soil in sun or partial shade at a minimum of fifty degrees Fahrenheit.  Low-calorie Cucumbers are eaten fresh in salads, juices and as snacks; they can also be cooked or pickled, added to summer drinks and to yogurt to make raita.  Cucumber is an important food crop and is also highly valued in the cosmetic industry as an ingredient in cleansing and toning lotions for the face, sunscreens, skin softeners and skin lighteners.  It is a cooling herb, and both seeds and fruits are an important factor in herbal medicine.  Cucumber is rich in silicon, fluoride and potassium, a very good source of vitamin C, vitamin K and also provides some dietary fiber, plus amino acids, Omega 3- and Omega 6- fatty acids, caffeic acid, linoleic and linolenic acids, vitamin A, vitamin B6, thiamin, folate, pantothenic acid, iron, 14a-methyl D-phytosterol, shikimate dehydrogenase, molybdenum, tryptophan, copper, manganese, magnesium, calcium and phosphorous.

Beneficial Uses:
Cucumber Fruit is a fine diuretic that promotes the flow of urine and stimulates the kidneys to flush out both wastes and fatty deposits from the body.  It is wonderful for eliminating excess fluid accumulations in body tissues, especially in chronic cases of gout and edema.  Cucumber Fruit is primarily composed of water but also contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and caffeic acid, both of which help soothe skin irritations and reduce swelling.  When combined with carrot or red beet, Cucumber Fruit works to rid the body of uric acid, thus also helping to relieve gout.

When toxins are removed from the body through the kidneys, the results often bring healthier skin, and because Cucumber helps to flush toxins from the kidneys as an herbal diuretic, it is well known to for its abilities to clear the skin of blemishes, heat rashes and to relieve eczema.

Cucumber contains a high silica content, which helps to soften the skin, moisten dry skin and smooth wrinkles for a younger and brighter-looking complexion.  Because silica is an essential component of healthy connective tissue, which includes intracellular cement (collagen), muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bone, its presence in Cucumber helps to improve overall skin health.  Moreover, Cucumber's high water content also helps to hydrate the skin, which is essential for smooth skin and a healthy glow.  Shikimate dehydrogenase is a substance found in Cucumber that helps to keep facial skin soft, has a healing and soothing effect on damaged skin, and exerts a natural sunscreen.  It also acts as a toner and lightens facial skin.

The silica content in Cucumber is also considered excellent for healthy hair and nails.

Cucumber contains dietary fiber, and the seeds have been used as a mild purgative and said to help “affections of the bowels.”  It is also said to expel intestinal parasites, especially tapeworms, possibly as a result of its laxative properties.

Cucumber Fruit cools.  When used externally, Cucumber relieves sunburn, swelling under the eyes, scalds, sore eyes, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, insect stings and poison ivy.

Currently, there are no known warnings or contraindications with the use of Cucumber Fruit Herbal Supplement.

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