Botanical: Rosa canina
Family: Rosaceæ (rose)
Other common names: Hip Tree, Wild Brier, Dog Brier, Dog Rose, Rose Haws
When you think of Vitamin C, think of Rose Hips! Rich in many nutrients, Rose Hips have gained an honored place as a healthy supplement to help maintain good health and prevent colds, flu and infections. They contain sixty times the amount of vitamin C than found in lemons! Rose Hips may also help to strengthen body tissues, build and maintain a healthy vascular system and prevent damage to fragile capillaries. Rose Hips are thought to help strengthen the immune system and thus may lower risk for many types of infectious ailments before they happen by using a prophylactic dosage on a daily basis. Much current research tells us that Rose Hips may support knee joint function and reduced pain of osteoarthritis.
"...a Rose by any other name would smell as sweet."
- William Shakespeare
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
Rose Hips (also called rose haws) are the pomaceous fruit of the rose plant. Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres and grown in sunny areas or light shade and thrive in well-drained, slightly acid soil. Probably cultivated first in ancient Persia and carried to Greece and Rome, there are now hundreds of species of this beautiful flower cultivated throughout the world that occupy a vital place in medicine, as well as cosmetics, perfumes, soaps and foods. The leaves of Rosa canina were once even used as a substitute for tea. The botanical genus, Rosa, is derived from the Greek, roden, meaning "red" and the Latin, ruber, also meaning "ruby" or "red," as apparently, the Roses of the ancient Mediterranean region were deep crimson, giving birth to the legend that the flowers sprang from the blood of Adonis. Roses have a long tradition of medicinal use. The ancient Romans used Rosa canina (or Dog Rose) for the bites of rabid dogs, and in the first century A.D., the Roman, Pliny, recorded thirty-two different disorders that responded well to Rose preparations. An oriental species (Rosa laevigata) was mentioned in Chinese medical literature about A.D. 470, and in China, Rose Hips are still used for chronic diarrhea with stomach weakness. It is typically red to orange but may be dark purple to black in some species. In Ayurvedic medicine, Roses have long been considered "cooling" to the body and a tonic for the mind, and Native Americans used Rose Hips to treat muscle cramps. In 1652, the esteemed British herbalist, Nicholas Culpeper, prescribed them for "consumptive persons," for "tickling rheums," to "break the stone" (kidneys) and to help digestion. Long used for medicinal purposes in Great Britain, Rose Hips remained listed in the official British Pharmacopœia well into the 1930s, and were considered an overall cooling tonic, an astringent, a great help for sore throats and a source of the essential vitamin C. During World War II, there was a shortage of citrus fruit in England, and the British government organized the harvesting of all the Rose Hips in England as a substitute for vitamin C. This illuminated the importance of Rose Hips as a superior source of the vitamin and began its worldwide popularity. Rose Hips have a reported sixty times the amount of vitamin C than citrus fruit, and we now know how absolutely essential vitamin C is to the maintenance of good health and the prevention of many diseases. Rose Hips contain one of the highest measures of vitamin C (about 1700-2000 mgs. per 100 g. in the dried product) than is known in other herbs.
Rose Hips are the fruits of the Rose, the ripe seed receptacles that remain after the petals are removed, and they contain many vitamins and other beneficia compoundss, including lycopene, essential fatty acids, beta-carotene, bioflavonoids (rosenoids),
carotens, triterpene acids, galactolipids, pectin, sugar, resin, wax, malates, citrates and other salts, tannin, malic and citrus acids, magnesium, calcium, iron, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, zinc and vitamins A, B-1, B-2, B-3, B-5, C, D, E and K.
Probably the greatest known use of Rose Hips is as an extraordinary and powerful source of vitamin C, which is most beneficial for the prevention and treatment of infection and a great many common diseases, including the common cold, flu and pneumonia. It is said to prevent ailments before they happen by using a prophylactic dosage on a daily basis. Vitamin C is necessary for every cell in our bodies and without it, we would not be able to sustain life.
Natural vitamin C and bioflavonoids are combined in nature, and for efficacy, it is vital that they be used together. Rose Hips are rich in both, and together they help to strengthen body tissues and build and maintain a healthy vascular system and are said to heal and reduce damage to fragile capillaries. The combination is also thought to enhance the body's ability to absorb vitamin C in those who have difficulty absorbing it.
Rose Hips, with its abundance of vitamin C, are useful in treating infections of all kinds and have been used for centuries for the relief of diarrhea and dysentery. It is considered to be a cleansing agent and may be helpful for temporary bladder problems, gallbladder dysfunction, kidney health, general debility and exhaustion.
Current research indicates that large doses of vitamin C in Rose Hips could be helpful in enhancing our immune systems, which may be valuable in warding off infectious invaders and serious malignant disease.
With respect to joint mobility and pain, a 2015 study conducted in Denmark's University of Copenhagen University Hospitals found that Rose Hip powder extracts significantly improved gait and knee joint function and dynamics in persons with knee-joint walking limitations. In addition, earlier 2008 meta-analyses of three controlled trials found that Rose Hip extracts reduced pain associated with osteoarthritis by 37%.
Rose Hips are said to have mild laxative and diuretic properties.
As a natural diuretic, Rose Hips Herbal Supplement may increase the efficacy of prescription diuretics and should not be used at the same time. Make sure your doctor knows if you are taking a blood thinner, such as Coumadin®, etc.