Spearmint or Bethlehem Sage
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Spearmint SPEARMINT LEAF
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Botanical:  Mentha spicata
Family:  Lamiaceae/Labiatae (mint)

Other common names:   Garden Mint, Green Mint, Spire Mint, Sage of Bethlehem, Lamb Mint, Bethlehem Sage,*  Mackerel Mint, Our Lady's Mint, Pea Mint

Spearmint has been used for thousands of years as a pleasant way to support the gastrointestinal system, with particular emphasis on the lower bowel.  The herb is said to relieve flatulence, indigestion, colic, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), nausea and heartburn, as well as stomach, abdominal, bowel and intestinal gas pains.  This is one old home remedy that no home should be without.

*PLEASE NOTE that Bethlehem Sage is also a common name used for a member of the Pulmonaria genus of Lungworts, which is an entirely different plant with different applications and should not be confused with Spearmint.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

History:
Spearmint is a hardy, herbaceous perennial that is native to the Mediterranean region but also grows wild and is cultivated in temperate climates over most of the world.  Plants of the mint family are a complex group, involving hybridization in both the wild and in cultivation, and they are so numerous that it is sometimes difficult to identify the individual plants within the species.  As a matter of fact, a ninth-century monk, writing about these plants, said he'd rather count the sparks in a furnace than count the different varieties of mint.  Nonetheless, mints have been known and appreciated since antiquity for their fragrance and taste and their important use in herbal medicines.  Spearmint is a leafy plant with square stems that bear short, uneven, serrate leaves topped by slender, terminal spikes and pale purple or mauve flowers that bloom from July to September.  The plant may be found in rich, moist, alkaline soils in sun or partial shade and grows to a height of about two feet.  The genus, mentha, is derived from the name of a nymph, Minthe, who was seduced by Pluto and whom the jealous Persephone turned into a seedling (mint).  There is evidence that mint was cultivated by the Egyptians, and the Romans revered it so much that they are said to have introduced it from southern Europe to other parts of Europe.  Medicinal interest in mint dates from the first century A.D., when its use was recorded by the Roman naturalist, Pliny.  The use of mint as a medicine is mentioned in the Icelandic Pharmacopœias of the thirteenth century; and in Elizabethan times, more than forty ailments were reported to be remedied by mint.  It is interesting to note that a seventeenth-century visitor to New England included mint on a list of plants that had been taken to the New World.  However, the herb only appears to have arrived into the popular medicine of Western Europe by the eighteenth century.  Cultivation of Spearmint takes place worldwide as a very important commercial crop that is used for flavoring candy, ice cream, gum, liqueurs, tobacco and medicines; for its fragrance in perfumes, potpourris, lotions and pomanders; for its efficacy in repelling insects; and finally, for its all-important medicinal applications.  Spearmint shares many of the uses of peppermint, in slightly weaker proportions, but will precipitate all the same actions, which are simultaneously warming and cooling.  The primary use of Spearmint in herbal medicine has been as a digestive stimulant and herbal support for the gastrointestinal system for such complaints, including heartbearn relief, indigestion, flatulence and intestinal gas pains, but the almost countless list of applications also includes pain relief (including headache and joint pain), cold and flu relief, and skin problem treatments, among many others.  Some of the ingredients in Spearmint include an important essential oil, which contains the simple terpene derivative, carvone (its major active principle), choline, tannin, acids, minerals, vitamins, alpha- and beta-carotenes, azulenes and a bitter principle.

Beneficial Uses:
Spearmint is an aromatic herb that is primarily known as a digestive aid to stimulate and act mainly on the digestive and gastrointestinal system (it is even an ingredient in some antacid medications).  The bitter principle has been highly esteemed for thousands of years to relieve nausea, indigestion, heartburn, colic, irritable bowel syndrome, dyspepsia, gastric ulcers, gastroenteritis and stomach, abdominal and bowel pains (especially the lower bowel).  Spearmint is particularly known for its ability to help expel stomach and intestinal gas and otherwise remedy the deleterious effects of too much food or an improper diet.

Also considered an antispasmodic, Spearmint is frequently given to relieve cramping (including menstrual and abdominal cramps), bowel pain and intestinal spasms (including further support for Irritable Bowel Syndrome).

Spearmint is an herbal diuretic that promotes urine flow and is often given for suppressed or painful urination (particularly scalding urine).  This property is useful for dropsy (or edema) and helps rid the body of excess water.  In addition, it is also thought to help flush gravel from the bladder.  Moreover, the herb is also said to promote perspiration, which not only helps to cool the body and lower fever, but it also helps to rid the body of toxins through the skin.  This diaphoretic quality is very helpful in cases of flu and colds (particularly accompanied by fever).

As an analgesic and calmative, Spearmint is used as a pain reliever and nerve tonic and is believed to quiet the nerves, ease tension and relieve headaches (including migraines) and vomiting, especially when related to nervous causes.

Spearmint is considered an effective expectorant that helps to expel excess mucus (good for sinusitis), as well as bring relief to (and soothe) the upper respiratory tract (easing coughs and asthma).

As a flavoring, Spearmint is sometimes combined with other less palatable medicines to make them more agreeable in taste or to allay their tendencies of producing nausea or griping (the grumbling pains in the bowel or intestines).  It is frequently used in this manner in cough medicines, in addition to augmenting their expectorant applications.

Used externally, Spearmint is thought to be mildly anesthetic and anti-inflammatory and has been used for hemorrhoids and joint pain.  It is also included in mouthwashes (good for sore throats) and in toothpastes.  Other external uses for Spearmint include its addition to fragrant potpourris, pomanders, toiletries, perfumes, cigarettes and pesticides.

Related News
Ancient minty painkiller worked, study suggests; Ancient Chinese used mint oil, which has anti-inflammatory properties
- From MSNBC's >Technology & Science > Science Section - 08/25/06
"The doctors of ancient Greece and China had it right when they applied cool and minty salves to soothe aches and pains, a new study suggests. A synthetic treatment with the same properties as mint oil is an effective painkiller when applied directly to the skin. The new cooling compounds could be especially beneficial to millions suffering with the chronic pain of arthritis and diseases affecting nerve endings, scientists say."

Contraindications:
Currently, there are no known warning or contraindications with the use of Spearmint Leaf Herbal Supplement.

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