Squaw Vine or Squawberry or Deerberry or Partridgeberry or Mitchella
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SQUAW VINE  
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Botanical:  Mitchella repens
Family:  Rubiaceae (madder)

Other common names:  Mitchella, Winter Clover, Partridgeberry, Twin Berry, One-berry, Deerberry, Squawberry, Hive Vine, Checkerberry, Running Box

Squaw Vine is an old folk remedy for "female troubles." Native Americans relied on this herb to help facilitate all aspects of childbirth, including labor, delivery and expulsion of afterbirth.  Used several weeks before expected delivery, Squaw Vine is thought to stimulate the uterus and encourage a safe and easier birth. It is also used to promote suppressed menstruation and relieve painful menstruation.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein by Herbal Extracts Plus is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

History:
Squaw Vine (not to be confused with Squaw Root)  is an ornamental, creeping, evergreen perennial. It is native to North America and thrives in dry woods among timber and also in swampy places in humus-rich, neutral-to-acid soil in shade.  The vines beautify the dull, colorless winter forests with their green, clover-like leaves and bright scarlet berries that hug the ground.  The berries are edible but tasteless, dry and full of stony seeds and are said to be the favored food of the ruffed grouse, a bird similar to the European partridge; thus, the common name Partridgeberry emerged.  Another common name, Deerberry, is derived from the fact that deer also eat the berries.  The aerial vine is used in herbal medicine.  Native Americans carefully guarded the secrets of this herb, but it was finally revealed that Cherokee and Penobscot women (among others) used the herb several weeks before confinement in order to render childbirth safe and easy; and because they were the first to utilize the herb in this manner, Squaw Vine received its name and another common name, Squawberry.  The English colonists learned of this use and adopted Squaw Vine as an aid in childbirth and as a remedy for menstrual cramps. The vine was included in the United States National Formulary from 1926 through 1947.  Among the constituents included in Squaw Vine are resin, wax, mucilage, dextrin, saponin, tannins, alkaloids and glycosides.

Beneficial Uses:
Squaw Vine is believed to facilitate all aspects of childbirth.  Taken by Native American women during confinement (the last stages of pregnancy and nearing delivery), the herb was believed to prepare the uterus for an easier and safe delivery.  Squaw Vine is thought to stimulate and tone the uterus, strengthen and relax the uterine muscles and thus strengthen uterine contractions.  Finally, the herb is said to help expel afterbirth when delivery is over.

Squaw Vine is believed to benefit all uterine complaints and many gynecologic ailments and has been used to ease menstrual cramps and bring on suppressed menstruation.  The herb is also said to relieve pelvic congestion and alleviate the mucous vaginal discharge of leukorrhea.

As a tonic and astringent, Squaw Vine is thought to soothe mucous membranes and reduce catarrh and excess mucus.  It is also believed to be effective in the treatment of diarrhea and colitis.

Squaw Vine also exerts a mild tonic and soothing effect on the nervous system and is thought to calm the nerves and ease nervous exhaustion and irritability.

As a mild diuretic, Squaw Vine is thought to promote suppressed urine and is also said to be effective in some cases of dropsy (edema), which is the retention of fluid by the body that causes swelling and discomfort.  (This is not a disease in itself, but a manifestation of some other condition and should be checked by a doctor.)

Used externally, nursing mothers may find relief in a topical lotion made from the leaves of Squaw Vine when applied to the breasts to ease soreness after breastfeeding. It has also been used as an astringent skin wash.

Contraindications:
Squaw Vine Herbal Supplement should not be used until the last weeks of pregnancy and always under the care of a health care provider.

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